The Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA) is closely related to several organizations in the United States and Russia, all of them dedicated to the preservation of the memory of Andrei Sakharov, promotion of his ideas and the defense of human rights.
The Sakharov Foundation(Russia)/Public Commission was organized shortly after his death on December 14, 1989. The Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA) was organized in 1990 in order to support the Russian Commission.
On May 21, 1994, the 73rd anniversary of Sakharov's birth, the The Sakharov Archives in Moscow was dedicated. The Archives are currently located in an apartment given to the Andrei Sakharov Foundation (Russia) by the Moscow City Council. The Archive contains thousand of documents pertaining to Sakharov's life and activities, as well as materials on the history of the human rights movement in the USSR.
In September 1995, the city of Moscow gave to the Andrei Sakharov Foundation (Russia) an elegant two-storey building located in a handsome park across the street from the Sakharov Archives. Plans for needed repairs and alterations have been completed and Elena Bonner, Sakharov's widow and chair of the Andrei Sakharov Foundation, dedicated the building as The Andrei Sakharov Museum and Community Center for the Russian human rights movement on May 21, 1996, the 75th anniversary of Sakharov's birth. A visible and energetic The Andrei Sakharov Museum and Community Center for "PEACE, PROGRESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS" is serving as a much-needed rallying point for Russian liberals and will help preserve Sakharov's dream of an open society.
In the United States, The Andrei Sakharov Archives and Center at Harvard University has been organised in 1993 and serves as an institutional base for research and education in the history of the Soviet Union, on the current situation in Russia and on human rights topics.
In May 1991, the Sakharov Foundations sponsored a major International Congress in Moscow, The First International Sakharov Congress, to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Sakharov's birth. A series of workshops were conducted on the safety of Russian nuclear reactors and a second series on the problems and prospects of establishing the Rule of Law in Russia. The Andrei Sakharov Foundations have sponsored missions to Nagorno-Karabakh and to Ingushetia to facilitate peaceful settlement of ethnic conflicts. In collaboration with Professor Richard Wilson of Harvard University, the Sakharov Foundations have helped to create the International Sakharov Environmental University (Minsk, Belarus). The Sakharov Foundations have also assisted the resettlement of refugees in the successor states of the former Soviet Union, sponsored the first visit of Kirgizstan's President Askar Akaev to the United States, and defended the rights of scientists persecuted for their political opinions.
The Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA) is a not-for-profit Delaware corporation. Until her demise Elena Bonner served as chair of The Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA) as well as of the Moscow Foundation, thereby insuring the coordination of their activities. Edward Kline served as President of the Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA)from its inception until his retirement in 2011. The current President is Alexey Semyonov, who formerly served as Vice-President. Other directors on Our Board of Directors are: Andrew Blane, Nina Bouis, Catherine Fitzpatrick, Felice Gaer, Scott Horton, Edward Kline, Pavel Litvinov, William Miller, and Richard Wilson.